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Biographies >Caillebotte Gustave > see his works
Caillebotte Gustave
Caillebotte Gustave
Caillebotte Gustave

Caillebotte Gustave, French (Paris, 1848-Geneviliers, 1894).
Caillebotte defined the affluent Frenchman. He was an entrepreneur, dabbling in many cultural pursuits and sports. He was a naval architect (engineer), but also attended the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He participated enthusiastically in the Impressionist movement, painting over 500 works and collecting many by his friends.

After the death of his father, he inherited a large amount of money, which he used to buy Impressionist art and enjoy his life to the fullest in other ways. For example, he owned many yachts which he raced, including eight he designed himself. He had a unique style of painting which differed from his fellow impressionists by being more realistic. He is generally considered a part of High Impressionism (the late 1870s). For this reason, his first painting was rejected from The Salon in 1875.

However, he soon became good friends with Alfred Sisley, Pierre Auguste Renoir, and Claude Monet. He showed with the Impressionists all but twice. He also generously underwrited the cost of their exhibitions. Many of Caillebotte's counterparts focused their paintings on the outdoors and country life. On the otherhand, he was interested in the newly industrialized France.

He painted urban settings and leisure activities, including sailing, rowing and boulevards. On his death, Caillebotte willed 68 of his collected art works to the French government. They refused them, and it took three years before they finally gave in and accepted 38 of the works.

These now make up much of the Impressionist collection at the Musee d'Orsay in Paris.

1997 Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2002 ® online © 1997-2001 Microsoft Corporation.
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