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Franz Marc
Franz Marc
Franz Marc
(1880-1916)
German painter who based most of his work on the representation of animals and is one of the heads of file of the group Der Blaue Reiter (the blue Rider).

Marc, Franz.
Born in Munich, Franz Marc, initially interested by theology, undertakes artistic studies thereafter and is formed with the Academy of the fine arts of Munich. In 1903, it goes to Paris where it is deeply impressed by work of Van Gogh and shows itself also sensitive to the art of Gauguin and the Deer .

Marc becomes acquainted then with Macke and Kandinsky, and adopts the movement Neue Kunstlervereinigung.

Its subjects animaliers (horses, cows, stags, etc.) testify to a pantheist inspiration and a mystical veneration of nature. In of works such as Small yellow Horses (1912, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart ), it employs stylized lines and curves, as well as colors sharp and unrealistic persons, to which it grants a value symbolic system, for magnifier his idyllic vision of nature

works of this period are characterized by a will to deny the depth of field and to gather the various elements which make the table in the foreground. Marc is the cofounder of Blaue Reiter and, in 1912, it takes part with Kandinsky in the realization of the Almanac of the blue Rider. Its work was then influenced by its meeting with Delaunay and its discovery of futurism.

Marc then develops an analytical approach of his subjects and multiplies the use of broken up forms and the broken lines. After 1913, in reaction to the cubism and futurism, it turns to the abstraction. One of its significant works last is the Destiny of the animals (1913, Kunstmuseum Basel Switzerland ). It dies on the face during the First World War.


1997 Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2002 ® online
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